ADD and ADHD, Are They The Same or Different?

ADHD is a mental illness that usually begins and is diagnosed during one’s childhood and continues into adulthood. However, more and more people with ADHD are diagnosed these days in adulthood. Some because they slipped through the medical diagnosis cracks as children, and some are diagnosed as having “adult onset add/adhd”. Someone with ADHD or ADD may find that the disorder interferes in their everyday life and activities at home, work, or school.


What’s The Difference?

According to Webmd, ADD is a type of ADHD that doesn’t present as hyperactive with a constant movement and high energy. In 1994 Scientists deemed all forms of attention deficit disorder would fall under the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder category regardless of the energy level that the individual living with the disorder exhibited. This has caused substantial confusion, for those who suspect that they or their child may be suffering from attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. 


Signs and Symptoms of Someone Struggling with ADD or ADHD

  • Aggression
  • High energy
  • Excitable
  • Habitually fidgeting
  • Wrestless
  • Hyperactive
  • Impulsive
  • Irritable
  • Lacking in self restraint
  • Forgetful
  • Repetition of words
  • Repetition of actions
  • Short attention span
  • Anger
  • Anxiety
  • Near constant boredom
  • Depression
  • Learning disorders
  • Mood swings
  • Absent mindedness
  • Distractedness
  • Difficulty focusing
  • Disorganization
  • Daydreaming
  • Spur of the moment decisions


ADD/ADHD Nature or Nurture, the Origins of a Disorder

Nature – Genetic or Hereditary Factors

  • Family history of ADD or ADHD
  • Family history of mental illness in general


Nurture – Environmental Factors

  • Drug, alcohol, or tobacco use in pregnant mothers
  • Premature birth
  • Exposure to toxic substances
  • Exposure to chemical substances
  • Exposure to pesticides
  • Exposure to lead
  • Exposure to certain food additives
  • Brain injuries
  • Trauma from events such as childhood abuse, being a veteran of war, natural disasters, being the victim of or witnessing a violent crime, among others
  • Other mental illnesses can trigger ADHD


Co-occurring disorders, or dual diagnosis come in all different types and so the body and mind react to them with different side effects. A dual diagnosis with ADD/ADHD will present in much the same way ADD/ADHD does without addiction, but may also trigger the development of an addiction and misuse of the ADD/ADHD medication the person is utilizing to treat their symptoms. Adderall and Ritalin, while safe when taken as directed by a doctor, can become addictive if misused. It is also true, of course that patients with ADD/ADHD may develop other sorts of addictions to drugs like other amphetamines like meth for example, opioids, alcohol, sedatives and others.


Luckily if someone suffering from ADD/ADHD also becomes addicted to their medication or any type of substance they can find help at a residential detox facility. 1st Step Behavioral Health’s detox, Broward County drug rehab, offers a holistic and comprehensive kind of dual diagnosis treatment and therapy. Call us today to learn about how you can get treatment for both your ADD/ADHD and your substance use disorder simultaneously to ensure a firmer sober foundation.

Naltrexone Treatment At Residential Drug Detox Facilities

Naltrexone, a non-narcotic medication, was created to treat people struggling with drug abuse, specifically those struggling with an alcohol or opioid addiction, such as someone going through heroin drug treatment. Broward county drug rehab facilities commonly offer medicinally based treatments like naltrexone. The drug is meant assist the person struggling with chemical dependence to reach sobriety so they can enter the maintenance stage of their disease.

It does this by blocking the opioid receptors located in the brain. These are the receptors that opioids cover, lessening and blocking pain, causing euphoric and content moods. They also slow the respiratory and cardiac rates of the user.  Naltrexone is revolutionary because if a user is taking it, if they then take heroin or any different type of opioid, the pain, pleasure, and addiction controlling centers of the brain will not feel the effects of the opioid.

The reason this is so important during the rehabilitation stage of recovery is because the drug helps to stave off the cravings of heroin withdrawal by making the patient uninterested in the drug via the capping of the opioid receptors after their heroin detox. After detox, having the drug naltrexone in a patient’s system allows the person struggling with addiction to focus more on the psychological work necessary to further their recovery.


Naltrexone is the generic version of the opioid treatment that also goes by the following brand names:

  • Vivitrol
  • Depade
  • Revia


Medication Assisted Treatment Program

Medication assisted treatment programs like those offered by at 1st Step Behavioral Health residential drug detox facilities are centered around using medications like naltrexone, and behavioral therapy to treat drug or alcohol chemical dependence and psychological addiction. While other medications like do indeed allow for a possibility that the patient may become dependent on them, Naltrexone is not an addictive medication. There is no potential to abuse Naltrexone. Because the drug is not addictive it is becoming one of the most recommended courses of treatment for addicts seeking treatment for an opioid addiction.


Inpatient vs. Outpatient Medication Assisted Treatment Program

Outpatient care is a good option for someone who is unable to get away from their normal everyday lives.But opioid addiction is one of the more dangerous substance addictions. It quickly builds tolerance and catches people in the claws of substance abuse and an intense chemical dependence. The tragic part is that four out of five opioid addicts start taking a prescription medication in an effort to lessen some form of pain. And yet from there they make it to drugs such as heroin and fentanyl which almost inevitably end in fatal overdose without proper treatment. That’s why the majority of addicts will find that an inpatient stay in a detox and rehabilitation facility is the most useful combination with naltrexone treatment. If you have questions about naltrexone treatment, contact 1st Step. We can answer your questions and help you find a treatment program that fits your unique needs.