Cocaine is a stimulant drug and a highly addictive controlled substance. Using cocaine can lead to serious side effects. Cocaine users can only begin to eliminate dangerous cocaine effects by confronting the addiction and choosing recovery.
Immediate Cocaine Effects
Once an individual ingests cocaine, the body begins to release dopamine. This release feels good, at least in the very short term. In fact, cocaine consumption can lead to feelings of euphoria.
Other immediate effects of cocaine use can include an increase in energy. On the flip side of that coin, using cocaine might prevent users from being able to sleep. This is one reason why long-term cocaine use can be devastating to sleep habits and cycles.
In the short term, cocaine use can also lead to a boost in confidence. Cocaine users might seem louder and more confident than normal. They may appear more outgoing, and they may have an easier time meeting new people or initiating romantic relationships.
Cocaine can also cause some unpleasant effects that begin right after consumption. Many cocaine users feel restless and anxious. They may fidget and can find it difficult to sleep even hours later. In some cases, panic and even paranoia are possible.
The Addictive Nature of Cocaine
One of the effects that cocaine users shouldn’t ignore is the potential for a cocaine addiction. The dopamine release that cocaine consumption initiates changes the reward system in the brain. Over time, cocaine users may only look forward to their next dose of the drug.
This is the physiological side that helps explain the development of an addiction. Of course, there are also other factors at play. Certain people are more likely to develop an addiction to drugs like cocaine for a variety of reasons. Some of the factors that increase the likelihood of addiction can include any or all of the following:
- Genetic predisposition to addiction
- Availability of cocaine
- Trying cocaine at a young age
- History of trauma
- Mental illness
The Long-Term Physical Side Effects of Cocaine Abuse
While the short-term cocaine effects can be unpleasant, the long-term side effects are even worse. Even in relatively young, healthy individuals, the stimulant properties of cocaine can cause heart problems. Heart attacks are possible after prolonged use.
Other physical side effects of cocaine substance abuse can include tremors and muscle aches. Cocaine users might experience a high heart rate as well as increased blood pressure. An increase in body temperature is also common, which can lead to serious and prolonged dehydration.
Treating an Addiction to Cocaine
Ceasing consumption of cocaine cold turkey and alone is not the best way to effectively end an addiction. Recovery requires detox followed by rehab and intensive treatment. This approach allows for various types of therapy to address conditions like physical health, co-occurring disorders or family issues.
It’s no secret that the effects of cocaine use are problematic. At 1st Step Behavioral in Florida, you or your loved one can combat these effects and start making progress toward better health and happiness. End your dependence on cocaine by calling 866-319-6126.